Cervical cancer is the one of the most common cancers affecting women. Fortunately, this is also one of the most easily detectable cancers. Globally, cervical cancer is the second most common cancer.
In most developed societies like ours, regular PAP smear tests can detect the presence of the cancerous cells faster. This can mean quicker commencement of treatment and a faster path to recovery.
The number one cause of cervical cancer is chronic infection of the human papillomavirus or HPV virus that is transmitted through sexual activity. These viral infections may be passed between sexual partners, and the infection can remain for several years in the system without the person even being aware of it. Other risk factors for cervical cancer include obesity and smoking.